In accordance with the law must be extraterritorial, but in practice citizens living in large cities are usually serve near their home.
Military conscript with a wife, a wife with a child, or disabled parents is, if possible, sent to a service near the place of residence of the family.
The military commissariats must inform the General Staff in advance of surnames, that such an order is needed for exact person due to exact reasons.
There are no effective instruments of influence on the choice of place of military service.
The decision on right to alternative service is made by the draft commission.
In Russia, the alternative civil service is regulated by the Federal Law «On Alternative Civil Service» of July 25, 2002 N 113-FZ.
In 1993, Russia abolished the compulsory military duty that existed in the USSR.
The new law was called «On Military Duty and Military Service».
Conscripts have no possibility to choose the place of civil service.
The possibility of full refusal of military service is not provided by law.
The law allows the refusal of military service on various convictions.
There is a conscription.
The term of military service in peacetime in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation is 12 months. It is regulated by the legislation of Russia, in particular, the law "On Military Duty and Military Service" and supplements to it.
Theoretically, the alternative service can provide conscripts with a wide range of different professions. But, more often, they are sent to serve in the healthcare sphere, as well as in the postal service.
Not so often, there may be a need in cultural workers, programmers, paramedics, kindergarten teachers.
It is difficult to predict what kind of activity a specific citizen will have to do during service. It depends on the regional need for workers' hands in certain areas at certain year and moment, from the possibility of additional education, from experience, etc. Health status may matter.
Alternative service lasts21 months.
In the Russian Federation, first a conscription commission consider an application on conscientious objection. If the application is satisfied, a «decision to replace» the military service is made. Then a medical examination is carried out, and only if the applicant is declared fit, the conscription commission notifies the institution that is organizing an alternative service about «referral to an alternative service».
There is no transfer from military service to the ACS.