Within the settlement at the place of permanent residence or in the area from which the alternative servicemen have the opportunity to come back to their place of permanent residence on a daily basis.
Place of military service determined by authorities.
The reference for the alternative service is given to the citizen after passing the draft commission.
Citizens of Ukraine have the right to replace military duty with an alternative (non-military) service on religious grounds under the Constitution of Ukraine and the Law of Ukraine «On Alternative (Non-Military) Service of December 12, 1991».
Since May 1, 2014, the presidential decree on the restoration of military duty and compulsory military service came into force. It was a decree of Acting President of Ukraine Aleksandr Turchynov. This was caused by fighting in the east of the country.
The legal basis for military duty and service, military reserve service are the Constitution of Ukraine, the Law on Military Duty and Military Service, the Law of Ukraine on the Defense of Ukraine, On the Armed Forces of Ukraine, On Mobilization Preparation and Implementation, other laws of Ukraine , as well as the decrees of the President of Ukraine and other normative legal acts on ensuring the defense capability of the state, the performance of military duties, the passage of military service and the status of servicemen, as well as the international agreements of Ukraine, agreed to be bound by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
Conscripts have no possibility to choose the place of civil service.
The decision on passage of an alternative service is made by the commission for alternative service on the base of true religious beliefs of citizen and is issued to the applicant. The order for the alternative service is given to the citizen after passing the draft commission.
Passage of alternative service is going, usualy, at the place of residence and only at state enterprises. Conscripts take an alternative service at state enterprises, in institutions and organizations of social security, health and environmental protection, as well as in the sphere of municipal, agricultural, etc.
The list of branches of the economy and enterprises is determined by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
For servicemen who do not have higher education - 18 months;
for servicemen with higher education - 12 months.
The possibility of full refusal of military service is not provided by law.
The status of an objector in Ukraine can only be granted through religious beliefs - believers of only nine denominations. However, law enforcement practice is not actually bound by these restrictions and each application for an alternative service is considered individually.
The conscription existed until 2013. On October 14, 2013, Presidential Decree No. 562/2013 was signed, according to which, from January 1, 2014, conscription to the armed forces was suspended, further recruitment was to be carried out exclusively on a contract basis.
However, due to the change of the situation in the country on May 1, 2014, the decree of Acting President of Ukraine A.Turchinov on restoring compulsory military service entered into force.
The application for the alternative service is filed 2 months before the start of the conscription period. It is considered by the commission for alternative service (it consists of city and military officials) in two months in the presence of the citizen. The referral to an alternative service is given to the citizen after passing the conscription commission.
There is no transfer from military service to the ACS.
Citizens perform alternative service at state enterprises, in institutions and organizations of social security, health and environmental protection, as well as in the community and agricultural spheres, etc.
Citizens can not undergo alternative service in enterprises and institutions that are privately owned.
The list of sectors of the economy and enterprises is determined by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
The alternative service lasts:
27 months - for conscripts without higher education
18 months - for conscripts with a degree of a specialist or a master