Usually at the place of residence.
The Swiss army functions in a comfortable mode:
In addition, they themselves can compile and coordinate their studing schedule, so that, for example, they can study during an academic year and, in the summer, for several months, serve and then return to study.
A special petition is submitted for this, and the commission makes a decision on a case-by-case basis.
Persons who do not want to go to military service on their convictions can pass civil service, which is regulated by the Federal Law on Civil Service of October 6, 1995. It was introduced in Switzerland in 1996.
The military duty for all men is stated in Article 59 of the Constitution.
The militia system implies military service for the entire male population. Citizens who are recognized as fit for military service are subject of conscription.
Similarly, individuals with dual citizenship who have undergone military or alternative service in another country are not enlisted in the army.
Conscripts have no possibility to choose the place of civil service.
The decision is made by the commission, but wishes can be taken into account.
Military service is divided into stages. School of recruits - 49 days.
Then the military training camps are held on a periodicity of 21 days a year, until the servicemen have served 260 days.
The possibility of full refusal of military service is not provided by law.
Citizens who do not want to carry military service on their convictions can pass civil service, which is regulated by the Federal Law on Civil Service of October 6, 1995.
There is a conscription.
In its type, the army of Switzerland is a militia.
The militia system implies a compulsory military service for the whole male population. The service of women is allowed on a voluntary basis.
Service in the army is regulated by the Federal Law from 3 February 1995 «On the Army and Military Organization».
The first stages of military education, the Swiss receive at 16. Today, under the military conscription in the Confederation, citizens aged 18 to 21. Citizens aged 18 to 33 are directly eligible for service. Fitness for service is defined as «satisfying physical, mental and psychiatric requirements of military service or the civil defense service, to be able to perform this service without harming yourself or others».
Alternative service can include social work, the reconstruction of monuments, assistance to the elderly persons.
The Swiss pass it, mainly in hospitals, social institutions for the elderly and disabled. In addition, they participate in environmental protection programs and in foreign missions. The service abroad is the most popular, however, only 1% of the "civil" conscripts get there. The requirements for such employees are very high. The candidate must either complete the vocational training, or at least have time to study for two years. He must know the official language of the country where he will serve, and the local conditions of life. If the country where the conscript is sent is considered dangerous, then he will have to take courses on security and non-violent conflict resolution.
The Federal Law of 3 February 1995 "On the Army and Military Organization" provides for the passage of military service without weapons (article 16 of the law), if this contradicts the convictions of the person liable for service. A special petition is submitted for this, and the commission makes a decision in each case.
It is important to emphasize that the service in civil defense and civil service are two different things. Persons who were found unfit for military service are obliged to pass service in the civil defense. They remain liable for military service. You can not choose civil defense instead of military service, but you can only request for a civil service.
There is such an opportunity.
Because of their convictions a professional military officer can terminate the contract, and a conscript can be transferred from military service to civil service.
Alternative service lasts 390 days (1,5 times longer than military).