1.

The law establishes the territorial principle of the passage of alternative service.

Cases and the order of passage of alternative service not in a place of residence, nevertheless, are not settled by law.

2.

According to a new order, the closeness to the house is taken into account. After the resumption of the conscription, «soldiers-conscripts get an opportunity to spend weekends at home and use an improved social package».

 

3.

Permissive.

The decision on the right to ACS is taken by the State Commission for the Conscription of Citizens for Non-Military, Alternative Labor Service.

4.

There is the Law of Georgia No. 1012 «On Non-Military, Alternative Labor Services» of 28/10/1997.

 

5.

Legislation of Georgia provides military duty and conscription. According to the Constitution and the legislation of Georgia, all male citizens of Georgia from 18 to 27 years are required to undergo 12-month military service in the army. An exception is allowed for those who have a specific reason for this, as provided by law.

 

6.

Conscripts have no possibility to choose the place of civil service. A citizen who passes a non-military, alternative lavor service is issued a document that indicates the type of work and the place where he should pass a non-military, alternative labor service.

 

7.

12 months.

8.

Such a procedure is not provided.

9.

The non-military, alternative labor service is recruit citizen who, in accordance with the legislation of Georgia, has an obligation to perform military duty, but on the grounds of freedom of conscience, religion or belief declares the refusal of military service.

The non-military, alternative labor service is a socially useful civil service that replaces military service and is based on the justification for refusing military service due to freedom of conscience, religion and belief.

10.

In Georgia there is a compulsory military service. In June 2016, Minister of Defense Khidasheli signed a decree abolishing the compulsory conscription. In 2017, it came into force. However, conscripts are recruited except the Ministry of Defense (only 25% of conscripts get into the armed forces) by two more agencies - the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of Corrections, who didn’t support suspension of conscription. Now the conscription was restored by the new Minister of Defense.

11.

Types and places of passage of non-military, alternative labor service.
The citizen passes non-military, alternative labor service in the following specialized non-military labor units, groups or individually:

a) rescue, ecological, fire-fighting or other special non-military labor units;
b) construction and repair organizations and civil facilities;
c) organizations and facilities producing agricultural products;
d) public service institutions;
e) health care institutions.

The involvement of citizens of Georgia by the Commission for the Conscription of Citizens for a Non-Military, Alternative Labor Service to care for the elderly, disabled, vulnerable and other socially unprotected persons  in accordance with the legislation is counted as a non-military, alternative labor service.

A citizen of Georgia may undergo a non-military, alternative labor service in other services or non-military formations, listed and approved by the President of Georgia.

According to the decision of the President of Georgia, a citizen who undergoes a non-military, alternative labor service may be engaged in disaster management work, in seasonal work during harvesting and other non-military work.

The types of work and places where a citizen must pass a non-military, alternative labor service, in accordance with the relevant requirements submitted by the organizations concerned, is established by the State Commission for the Conscription of Citizens for a Non-Military, Alternative Labor Service, the competence of which is determined by Law on Non-Military, Alternative Labor Service and by Regulation on State Commission on the Conscription of Citizens for a Non-Military, Alternative Labor Service, approved by the President of Georgia in accordance with the mentioned Law.

A citizen who passes a non-military, alternative labor service receive a relevant document that indicates the type of work and the place where he should undergo a non-military, alternative labor service.

12.

Alternative service lasts 18 months.

13.

The district conscription commission is obliged to consider citizens' applications within 20 days and issue relevant conclusions, which, together with applicant’s personal files, are sent to the State Commission for Citizens Conscription for Non-Military, Alternative Labor Service. This State Commission makes final decision on the recruitment of citizens to a non-military, alternative labor service within a week after reception of mentioned documents.

14.

 

There is no right to refuse military service on convictions for those who make such a decision while serving in the armed forces.

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